■PROFILE

earpick

  • author: earpick
  • FC2ブログへようこそ!
  • RSS
  • ■RECENT ENTRIES
  • (05/15)
  • (05/15)
  • (05/15)
  • (05/15)
  • (05/15)
  • ■CATEGORY
    ■ARCHIVES
    ■RECENT COMMENTS
    ■RECENT TRACKBACKS
    ■LINKS
  • 就職活動体験記~内定への道~
  • 履歴書・エントリーシートの書き方
  • 就職活動 自己分析 自己PR
  • 就活の面接・質問対策1
  • 就活の面接・質問対策2
  • 一人暮らし応援サイト
  • 一人暮らしのアルバイト
  • 一人暮らしのインテリア
  • 一人暮らし 引越し 引越し 無料で引越し見積もりで格安引越し! 多数の業者に引越し費用一括見積もり!
  • 就職・転職情報~IT・エンジニアリング・システムエンジニア・フード・サービス・営業・事務など~
  • 一人暮らし 部屋探し・賃貸情報
  • 就職・転職 派遣
  • 就職・転職 エンジニア・IT
  • 就職・転職 インターン
  • 就職・転職 総合
  • 就職・転職 薬剤師
  • 資格試験・スキルアップ
  • 徒然草
  • 英語名言集
  • 基礎からの国公立大英語
  • 日本全国の就職・転職情報
  • 英語イロイロ
  • 日本全国の引越し情報
  • THE WORDS
  • 資格試験・スキルアップ
  • 引越し 見積もり
  • 引越し 無料無料見積もり情報
  • 資格試験 資格取得でスキルアップ
  • 就職活動 インターン
  • みんなの就職活動日記 みん就
  • 治験 バイト 治験 モニター
  • リゾート バイト
  • 北海道 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 東京都 引越し 業者 無料 見積もり
  • 神奈川県 横浜 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 千葉県 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 愛知県 名古屋 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 大阪府 引越し 業者 無料 格安 見積もり
  • 京都府 引越し 業者 見積もり 格安 無料
  • 兵庫県 神戸 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 広島県 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 福岡県 引越し 業者 見積もり 無料 格安
  • 就職活動情報
  • 一人暮らしの役立つ情報
  • スポンサーサイト
    上記の広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。
    新しい記事を書く事で広告が消せます。


    スポンサー広告 | --:--:--| Trackback(-)| Comments(-)
    【センター英語の全体像】
    (80分 200点満点)
    第1問 (16点) 目標時間3分
     発音・アクセント・文強勢

    第2問 (38点) 目標時間5分・2分・5分
     文法・対話・語句整序

    ☆読解問題(合計146点)☆ 60分は残しておこう!

    第3問 (34点) 目標時間3分・6分・6分
     語句補充・文整序・文補充

    第4問 (35点) 目標時間15分
     Visual問題(図表・グラフの読み取り)

    第5問 (32点) 目標時間10分
     会話問題

    第6問 (45点) 目標時間20分
     物語問題




    スポンサーサイト
    未分類 | 21:54:43| Trackback(0)| Comments(1)
    【時間内でMAXの点数をとるために】
    ① 第1・2問は『反射的に素早く』(=短距離ダッシュ)
     「第1・2問に時間をかけすぎて、後半の長文を読む時間が全然残ってなかった・・・涙」という受験生がかなり多い。でも、配点を考えるとここでの1問はだいたい2~3点しかなく、しかも「知っていたら解けるけど、知らないと絶対解けない」問題が多いので時間をかけてはいけない!時間をかけて後半の配点の高い読解に時間が回せないことの方が致命的!だから、ここはわからない問題は捨てる勇気を持とう!



    ② 第3~6問は『じっくり正確に』(=長距離持持久走)
     ここでは、問題文を正確にかつ論理的に読んでいくことが必要不可欠なので、最低60分は残しておこう。単語(システム英単語1~1600)は必ず覚えておくこと!そして、第5章の多義語も目を通しておくこと。後半の配点は1問5点以上あるので、大きな失点になりやすいので、繰り返し時間内に解く練習をしよう!



    ③ 自分なりの戦略を持って試験に臨む
     常に本番の状況を想定しながら日々勉強していこう。試験に大事なのは学力だけではない。学力の他に「体調管理」や「緊張せずに実力が発揮できるか」といったことも重要な要素です。緊張をほぐすために何をすればいいかな…?
    ◆大問の解く順番をあらかじめ決めておく。
    人によって解く順番は様々なので、自分の1番やりやすい方法・順番を見つけておこう。僕は、「集中力のあるうちに配点の高い後半を解いてしまおう」と思って『1→6→5→4→3→2』の順番で解いていました。
      


    未分類 | 21:54:20| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第1問B  文強勢問題 3点×4=12点 (目標時間1~2分)

    <練習問題>
    次の①~④のうち、他の3つと比べて最も強く発音されるものを選べ。

    (1)A: Oh, I didn’t know your husband’s hobby ①was painting pictures.
    B: No, no. He ②isn’t an artist. He doesn’t paint pictures. ③He’s just
    planning ④our bathroom upstairs.


    (2)A: Have you seen Jeff recently?
    B: No. Has he changed his hair again?
    A: He sure has. This time, the ①trendy ②guy ③dyed ④it.


    (3)A: Tom’s going to be late.
    B: Why? Did he miss his flight?
    A: No, it seems that ①they ②had ③engine ④trouble.


    (4)A: What job do you eventually want to have?
    B: I ①haven’t ②thought ③about ④it.



    次の①~④の中から、他の3つと比べて最も弱く発音されるものを選べ
    A: It’s ①here. Look, it’s finally come.
    B: What are you so excited ②about?It’s just a book.
    A: Not a book, ③the book! It’s the book about adventure camps that we
    ordered.
    B: Great! ④Now we can make our plans for the summer vacation.




    第1問<練習> | 21:53:42| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第2問A  文法問題 2点×10問=20点 (目標時間4分)
    <練習問題…節>

    (1)Last night Cindy told me about her new job in Tokyo, [ ] she appears to be enjoying very much.

       ① which  ② where  ③ what  ④ when


    (2)“Are you going somewhere during the vacation?”
     “Yes, I’ve found a nice beach [ ] I can enjoy swimming even in February.”

     ① how  ② when  ③ where  ④ which


    (3)Last winter I went to Hong Kong, [ ] as warm as I had expected.

       ① when wasn’t     ② where it wasn’t
       ③ where wasn’t     ④ which it wasn’t


    (4)It is often said that an American starts a speech with a joke, [ ]
    a Japanese has an apology to make.

       ① which  ② what  ③ while  ④ that


    第2問<練習> | 21:53:11| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題…時制>
    (1)We [ ] playing baseball for about half an hour when it started to rain very heavily.

      ① had been  ② have been  ③ might be  ④ would be
    (2)“Are John and Mary still living in New York?”
    “No, they [ ] to Dallas.”

    ① are just moved      ② had just moved
       ③ have just moved    ④ will just move


    (3)“It is our wedding anniversary next Tuesday, and by then we [ ] married for ten years.”


      ① are  ② will have  ③ will have been  ④ would have


    (4)I [ ] in China for three years when I was a child, but I can’t speak Chinese at all.

    ① have been  ② have once stayed  ③ lived  ④ went


    (5)“Is that Italian restaurant next to the bookstore new? ”
    “No, I think [ ] for more than a year now.”

    ① it’s been open  ② it’s open  ③ it’s opened  ④ it was open


    (6)“I’m very sorry, but the manager isn’t here yet. Shall I have her call you when she gets in?”
       “No, I’ll call back. If I call again in an hour, do you think she [ ]?”

    ① had arrived  ② has arrived ③ will arrive ④ will have arrived


    (7)“I wonder if Stella has lost my number. [ ] he call for the last two hours. ”

        ① I’d expected       ② I’ll have expected
        ③ I’m expecting    ④ I’ve been expecting


    (8)Tetsuya didn’t hear the doorbell when his visitors arrived, because he
       [ ] a shower.

      ① has been taking  ② was taking  ③ took  ④ has taken



    第2問<練習> | 21:52:49| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題…助動詞>
    (1)“No one was prepared for Professor Hill’s questions.”
       “I guess we [ ] the lesson last night.”

       ① could read     ② ought to read  
    ③ read        ④ should have read


    (2)“I don’t see Tom. I wonder why he is late.”
       “Well, he [ ] his train, or maybe he overslept.”

       ① might have missed  ② might miss
       ③ should have missed  ④ should miss


    (3)“Jim had a skiing accident yesterday, but he’s all right. He is lucky, because he [ ] hurt himself badly.”

      ① could have  ② might  ③ should  ④ will have

    (4)“I saw Mr. Yamada at Shinjuku Station this morning.”
       “You [ ] have. He’s still on vacation in Hawaii.”

      ① couldn’t  ② didn’t  ③ might  ④ should



    第2問<練習> | 21:52:21| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題…仮定法>
    (1)If I [ ] a computer last year, I’d still be using my old typewriter.


    ① hadn’t bought  ② haven’t bought ③ shouldn’t buy ④ wouldn’t buy


    (2)“[ ] all right if I came again some other time?”
    “Of course. Just give me a call before you come.”

      ① Is it   ② Was it   ③ Would it be   ④ Will it be


    (3)I’m sorry to hear about your problem, But if you had taken my advice, you [ ] in such trouble now.


     ① haven’t been  ② would be  ③ would have been  ④ wouldn’t be


    (4)“When you get your license, will your parents give you money to buy a
    car?” “No, they said I [ ] get one if I wanted to, but they wouldn’t
    give me the money. I have to earn it myself.”


     ① can   ② could   ③ may   ④ shall



    第2問<練習> | 21:51:46| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題…受身>
    (1)You shouldn’t [ ] the meaning of the financial report.


    ① have mistaken ② have mistook ③ be mistaken ④ have been mistaken


    (2)Kate speaks English very fast. I’ve never heard English [ ] so quickly.


     ① speak   ② speaking   ③ spoken   ④ to speak


    (3)We want to go to the beach in his car on Saturday, because our car still won’t [ ].


    ① fixed  ② have been fixed  ③ have fixed  ④ having been fixed


    (4)The question [ ] at today’s meeting is whether we should postpone the plan till next month.

     ① discussing  ② is discussed ③ to be discussed ④ to be discussing


    (5)“How long will it take them to finish the work?”
       “I think everything [ ] by the end of next month.”


    ① did   ② was done   ③ will be done   ④ will do


    (6)You will find the word “psychology” [ ] under “P” in your dictionary.


     ① have listed   ② list   ③ listed   ④ listing


    (7)Today cars are so much [ ] that we assume everyone has one.


    ① for granted ② granted  ③ taken for granted  ④ taken it for granted



    第2問<練習> | 21:51:17| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第2問B  対話文問題 2点×3問=6点 (目標時間1~2分)
    <練習問題>
    (1)A: I grew up in a small town.
    B: [ ].
    A: It wasn’t at all. You can’t imagine the fun we had.

    ① I’d like to live in a small town
    ② That sounds like a lot of fun
    ③ That must have been boring
    ④ You must have spent a happy boyhood there


    (2)A: We’ve been driving in circles for an hour. Where are we?
     B: I don’t know. Let’s stop at the next gas station.
       A: Yeah, at least [ ].
    B: Why didn’t you get one before we left?

    ① they should have a map
    ② they should know
    ③ we can ask
    ④ you can get something


    (3)A: Is this your first visit to Tokyo, Dr.Smith?
     B: Yes, it is. [ ].
       A: Oh, really? How did you like it?
    B: I enjoyed staying there very much. It’s a really beautiful city.

    ① I have wanted to come to Japan for a long time
    ② I never expected Tokyo to be this big
    ③ I visited Kyoto once, though
    ④ I’ve never been to Japan before


    第2問<練習> | 21:50:35| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第2問C  語句整序問題 4点×3問=12点 (目標時間4分)

    <練習問題>
    (1)You can look through your textbook and choose [  ][  ][  ]
    [  ][  ] four essay.

      ① you     ② want to   ③topic
      ④ whatever   ⑤ write about




    (2)Unfortunately, [  ][  ][  ][  ], [  ] was one step ahead of us.

      ① fast    ② he    ③ however
      ④ ran    ⑤ we


    (3)Children [  ][  ][  ][  ][  ] while they are playing with other
    children.

      ① how     ② human relationships  ③ influences
      ④ language   ⑤ learn


    (4)We had a flat tire on the way here, but a truck driver [  ][  ]
    [  ][  ][  ] it.

      ① be passing us   ② change  ③ helped
      ④ just happened to  ⑤ who



    (5)Science would make [  ][  ][  ][  ][  ] ideas.

      ① much less progress  ② the computer networks ③ to exchange
      ④ used by many scientists    ⑤ without


    (6)Your dog has had four puppies and you have to find a home for them.
    You call up a friend and say, “My dog’s had four puppies. Would you be interested in [  ][  ][  ][  ][  ].”

      ① do you know  ② having one  ③ of anyone
      ④ or       ⑤ who might be




    第2問<練習> | 21:49:56| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第3問A  語句補充問題 3点×2問=6点 (目標時間3分)
    <練習問題>
    (1)01年 追試験
    Seeing wild bears in the wild can be one of the most memorable experiences on camping trips in national parks. 29 it can also be a dangerous one if care is not taken. Some campers make foolish mistakes. For example, they get out of their cars to take a snapshot or even try to feed the bears. 30 , acting like this toward wild bears can turn an enjoyable vacation into a tragedy.

      29
      ① Nor   ② Otherwise  ③ Therefore  ④ Yet

    30
      ① Meanwhile  ② Namely  ③ Shortly  ④ Unfortunately


    (2)00年 本試験
    The ancient Romans believed that the right side of the body was the good side, 30 the left side held evil spirits. Their word for “right”, dexter, gave us dexterous, which means “skillful”, whereas their word for “left”, sinister, means “evil” or “wicked”. This may have created nagative attitudes toward left-handedness.
    But today, left-handedness is becoming more and more acceptable in society, and is even considered advantageous in some sports. 31 , left-handed people do not have to feel “left out” any more.

      30
     ① instead  ② otherwise 
     ③ unless   ④ while


    31
     ① Because of this   ② Beginning with this
     ③ Nonetheless     ④ Unfortunately


    第3問<練習> | 21:49:23| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第3問B  文整序 5点×2問=10点 (目標時間6分)
    <練習問題>
    (1)97年 本試験
    To stay healthy, we should maintain a balance between physical and mental play ― the play of the body and of the mind. ( ) As a result, we may begin to lose our physical health.


    A. By the time we are adults, we may stop participating in physical play altogether.
    B. As we get older, however, our games are likely to involve more mental than physical activity.
    C. When we are very young children, we use our bodies a lot when we play.

    ① A-B-C ② A-C-B ③ B-A-C ④ B-C-A ⑤ C-A-B ⑥ C-B-A


    (2)04年 本試験
    Interpol is an international police organization that promotes cooperation among more than 180 nations to fight against international crime. Unlike the image created in films and TV movies, Interpol agents do not travel freely from country to country, arresting criminals here and there. ( ) In this way, member countries help one another within the limits of their own laws.

    A. No country would be happy to see these agents ignore its laws.
    B. Such information is gathered from the police of the member nations.
    C. What Interpol basically does is to send information on criminals over its telecommunications network.

    ① A-B-C ② A-C-B ③ B-A-C ④ B-C-A ⑤ C-A-B ⑥ C-B-A



    第3問<練習> | 21:48:43| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    (3)00年 追試験
     The smile may no longer be an effective way to mask one’s true feelings.
    ( ) If the psychologists’ claim is proven to be true, perhaps people will worry less about what they say and more about which muscles to use when they smile.

    A. For example, in the true smile, the muscles surrounding the eyes tighten, while the cheek muscles pull the corners of the lips upward.
    B. On the other hand, in the false smile, the muscles between the eyebrows move slightly, while the muscles around the mouth pull the corners of the lips downward.
    C. Some psychologists have claimed that true smiles and false smiles use different muscles.

    ① A-B-C ② A-C-B ③ B-A-C ④ B-C-A ⑤ C-A-B ⑥ C-B-A



    (4)97年 追試験
     Wolves have an interesting way of raising their young. When a female wolf is ready to give birth, she digs a hole. (  ) Then instead of the mother, another female will stay behind to guard the young wolves.

    A. When she is taking care of these babies, other wolves bring her food.
    B. After they get a little older, the mother can leave them while she goes off to hunt with other members of the group.
    C. Within this hole, she has her babies.

    ① A-B-C ② A-C-B ③ B-A-C ④ B-C-A ⑤ C-A-B ⑥ C-B-A



    第3問<練習> | 21:48:20| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第3問C  文補充問題 6×3=18点 (目標時間6分)
    <練習問題> 02年 本試験

     What would you do if you wanted to learn about something? A traditional way is to go to your bookshelf, pick up a dictionary or encyclopedia, and start turning pages. Now, however, you can turn on your computer, connect it to the Internet and start its search program. You just type in the keyword(s), click “search” and soon you will have what you are looking for.

     It seems as if anything you want to know can be found on the Internet. ① The range of information you can find on the Net varies from gossip, to news, to the most advanced technological findings. Furthermore, the information is always fresh. ② It seems we do not need to “know” or “remember” anything except how to get information from the Net. Or at least, there is no longer any need for the shelf space to hold those volumes of encyclopedias.

     What is being lost, though, is the joy of discovery. In many ways an Internet search is like a package tour, on which you generally know where you are going and see only what the tour organizer has selected. Similarly, what you find in the Internet search is controlled by the site’s owner or is the result of a computer program. ③ On the other hand, turning the pages of an encyclopedia, as you look up an entry, is more like wandering through a forest. ④ This may stir up a new interest, which will eventually lead you into a totally different topic.

     The word “encyclopedia” originally meant “general or well-rounded education”. ⑤ With a traditional encyclopedia, this well-roundedness may be achieved by the discoveries readers make by turning the pages. In comparison, heading straight to the target word through a series of clicks on a computer is rather linear. ⑥



    30 New information is constantly added, past files are re-written, andnews reports are broadcast as they come in. 31 This suggests that technological changes in the methods of getting information may limit the opportunities for learning.  32 You may accidentally find something interesting in the entry just next to the one you have been looking for.


    第3問<練習> | 21:47:41| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第1問A  発音・アクセント 2点×2問=4点(目標時間1~2分)

    知っておくべきポイントは2つ!
    ① 名前動後   ② アクセントのルール


     ① 名前動後
     英語では、同じつづりでも名詞の時はアクセントが前、動詞の時はアクセントが後ろになる単語がある。これを「名前動後」と呼ぶ。もし、形容詞が出題された場合は、アクセントがつくのは前から名→形→動の順番になることを知っていれば解ける。下に主な「名前動後」の単語を挙げておくので、チェックしておくこと。

    content「中身」desert「砂漠」record「記録」transport「輸送」progress「進歩」import「輸入」export「輸出」contest「競争」permit「許可」insult「侮辱」protest「抗議」object「目的・物」escort「護衛」insert「挿入」minute「分」present「プレゼント」extract「抽出」 content「満足している」desert「見捨てる」record「記録する」transport「輸送する」progress「進歩する」import「輸入する」export「輸出する」contest「競争する」permit「許可する」insult「侮辱する」protest「抗議する」object「反対する」escort「護衛する」insert「挿入する」minute「詳細な」present「贈る」extract「抽出する」


    第1問 | 21:41:30| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    ② アクセントのルール
     アクセントにも一応ルールは存在する。頻出のルールと単語を載せておくので2回以上チェックしておくこと。


    ★語尾から2つ前の母音にアクセント―ate, ―ous, ―ism, ―graph
    <―ate>
    associate「結び付ける」 graduate「卒業する」 indicate「示す」

    <―ous>
    serious「真剣な」 mysterious「不思議な」 advantageous「有利な」

    <―ism>
    heroism「勇敢さ」 barbarism「野蛮」 socialism「社会主義」

    <―graph>
    autograph「サイン」 paragraph「段落」



    ★語尾から1つ前の母音にアクセント―ion, ―ic, ―ical, ―ics, ―ial, ―ual, ―ity, ―ety, ―sive, ―meter
    <―ion>
    opinion「意見」 population「人口」 function「機能」
    ◆例外はtelevision「テレビ」

    <―ic, ―ical, ―ics>
    characteristic「特有の」 political「政治の」 economics「経済学」  
     ◆例外はpolitics「政治学」

    <―ial, ―ual>
    beneficial「有益な」 habitual「習慣的な」

    <―ity, ―ety>
    electricity「電気」 anxiety「心配」

    <―sive>
    comprehensive「包括的な」 impressive「印象的な」

    <―meter>
    thermometer「温度計」 barometer「気圧計」


    ★語尾にアクセント―ee, ―eer, ―ere,―ain, ―ade, ―oo, ―oon, ―ribute, ―fer, ―cur
    <―ee, ―eer, ―ere>
    employee「従業員」 engineer「技師」 severe「厳しい」

    <―ain, ―ade>
    maintain「維持する」 complain「文句を言う」 parade「パレード」

    <―oo, ―oon>
    bamboo「竹」 typhoon「台風」

    <―ribute>
    contribute「貢献する」 distribute「分配する」 attribute「~のせいにする」

    <―fer, ―cur>
    refer「言及する」 occur「生じる」




    第1問 | 21:40:50| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第1問B  文強勢問題 3点×4問=12点 (目標時間1~2分)

    【原則-1】
    ★新情報(初めての情報)、前の発言の対立・訂正、質問の答え=強 

    ★前に出てきた情報(指示語など)・言い換え=((弱))


    【原則-2】
    ★名詞・動詞(be動詞 / haveは除く)・形容詞・副詞・疑問詞=強

    ★機能語(接続詞・前置詞・関係詞・代名詞・冠詞・助動詞) =((弱))



    ◆例外◆(日本語で考えても無理。暗記しよう。)
    (1) 名詞+名詞の合成語=前が強 後ろが((弱))
      a Christmas tree  a fax machine

    (2) 機能動詞+内容名詞=内容名詞が強
      have a lunch  take a walk

    (3) (助)動詞の後ろに省略がある=その(助)動詞は強
     “Is he a good student?””Yes, he is. / No, he is not.”
     “Can you keep a secret?””Yes, I can. / No, I can not.”
     “Why not?”

    (4) 前置詞の後ろに省略がある=前置詞は強
     ただし、強く発音される前置詞は決まっている!as / at / for / from / of だけ
    “Where are you from?”

    (5) 強調の助動詞doは強
     I do want to see you.




    第1問 | 21:38:56| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題>
    次の①~④のうち、他の3つと比べて最も強く発音されるものを選べ。
    (1)A: Oh, I didn’t know your husband’s hobby ①was painting pictures.
    B: No, no. He ②isn’t an artist. He doesn’t paint pictures. ③He’s just
    planning ④our bathroom upstairs.


    (2)A: Have you seen Jeff recently?
    B: No. Has he changed his hair again?
    A: He sure has. This time, the ①trendy ②guy ③dyed ④it.


    (3)A: Tom’s going to be late.
    B: Why? Did he miss his flight?
    A: No, it seems that ①they ②had ③engine ④trouble.


    (4)A: What job do you eventually want to have?
    B: I ①haven’t ②thought ③about ④it.



    次の①~④の中から、他の3つと比べて最も弱く発音されるものを選べ
    A: It’s ①here. Look, it’s finally come.
    B: What are you so excited ②about?It’s just a book.
    A: Not a book, ③the book! It’s the book about adventure camps that we
    ordered.
    B: Great! ④Now we can make our plans for the summer vacation.



    第1問 | 21:38:02| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第2問A  文法問題 2点×10問=20点 (目標時間4分)

     ここで必要なことは「時間をかけないこと」である!1問あたり30秒かけてもわからなければ、次の問題に進むといった「捨てる勇気」を持つこと。配点も高くないので、「いくつか落としても仕方ない」という気持ちで臨むこと。

    ただし、下のポイントはマスターすること。


    【大原則】文法問題の注意点
     決して『意味』から考えるな!まずは『構造』(品詞の役割・Vの文型)から考えて、それから『意味』へ!


    【原則-1】 完全文と不完全文
    ・完全文…文型が成立していて、名の不足がない文

    ・不完全文…名が1つ欠けている文(=S・O・Cが1つ欠けている)

    (1)what, which, who, whom(--ever含む)の後ろ
       =必ず「不完全文」

    (2)thatの後ろが完全文=接続詞
       thatの後ろが不完全文=関係代名詞

    (3)その他すべての関係詞・接続詞・疑問詞の後ろ
       =必ず「完全文」


    【原則-2】 節の役割
     節の役割とは、節が文中で[ 名詞節 ]・( 形容詞節 )・<副詞節>のどれか、ということである。

    (1)what, how →必ず[ 名詞節 ]

    (2)who, which, why →[ 名詞節 ]か( 形容詞節 )

    (3)if, whether, 接that →[ 名詞節 ]か<副詞節>

    (4)関代that →必ず( 形容詞節 )

    (5)when, where →[ 名詞節 ] か( 形容詞節 )か <副詞節>

    (6)その他 →必ず<副詞節>


    第2問 | 21:37:38| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-3】 関係代名詞thatの禁止令

    関係代名詞thatは、以下の用法で使うことは禁止である。注意しよう。

    (1)コンマ+that
     ex) I live in Kyoto, that is famous for its temples. (whichならOK)


    (2)前置詞+that
     ex) Kyoto is the town in that I live. (whichならOK)


    <練習問題>
    (1)Last night Cindy told me about her new job in Tokyo, [ ] she appears to be enjoying very much.

       ① which  ② where  ③ what  ④ when


    (2)“Are you going somewhere during the vacation?”
     “Yes, I’ve found a nice beach [ ] I can enjoy swimming even in February.”

     ① how  ② when  ③ where  ④ which


    (3)Last winter I went to Hong Kong, [ ] as warm as I had expected.

       ① when wasn’t     ② where it wasn’t
       ③ where wasn’t     ④ which it wasn’t


    (4)It is often said that an American starts a speech with a joke, [ ]
    a Japanese has an apology to make.

       ① which  ② what  ③ while  ④ that


    第2問 | 21:35:55| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-4】 時制
     時制は、受験生が間違いやすいので出題されやすい。時制を考えるポイントは『動詞の種類』『基本時制』『変化形』の3つである。

    必ず、『①動詞の種類 → ②基本時制 → ③変化形』の順番で考えていくこと!


    (1)動詞の種類
     動詞には「動作動詞」と「状態動詞」がある。

    * 動作動詞…意図的な「動作」を表す動詞=「点」
      ex) run, teachなど

    * 状態動詞…「長い期間の状態」を表す動詞=「線」
     ex) know など

     動詞の種類によって変化する形が違うので、まずは「動詞の種類」を考える!


    *みんなが「時制」と呼ぶものは2つの部分からできている。例えば「現在完了形」ならば、「現在」と「完了形」から成り立っている。
    「現在」の部分を基本時制、「完了形」の部分を変化形と呼ぶことにする。


    (2)基本時制の決め方
     過去や未来の特定の時間を表す語句がある? → Yes:「過去」「未来」を選ぶ
    → No:「現在」を選ぶ

    ex) 「過去」= yesterday, when I was little など  
      「未来」= tomorrow, next week など


    (3)変化形の決め方

    ()状態動詞の場合

    ★期間や起点を表す語句があるか?

    →Yes:完了形 have Vp.p.(for ~・since ~)
    →No:普通形
    ex) 期間…for two hours, How long~?など
      起点…since 2000 など

    センターはこれで十分!

    ()動作動詞の場合

    ★期間や起点を表す語句がある場合(ほとんど毎年、期間を表す語句あり!)

    → 完了進行形 have been Ving

    ★期間を表す語句がない場合
     ほとんどの場合、基本時制の時点で答えが出る!ただ、これだけは押さえておこう!
     *同時=普通形 
     *動作完了=完了形
     *動作途中=進行形

    センターはこれで十分!

    第2問 | 21:34:07| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題>
    (1)We [ ] playing baseball for about half an hour when it started to rain very heavily.

      ① had been  ② have been
      ③ might be  ④ would be


    (2)“Are John and Mary still living in New York?”
    “No, they [ ] to Dallas.”

       ① are just moved      ② had just moved
       ③ have just moved     ④ will just move


    (3)“It is our wedding anniversary next Tuesday, and by then we [ ] married for ten years.”


      ① are   ② will have
      ③ will have been  ④ would have


    (4)I [ ] in China for three years when I was a child, but I can’t speak Chinese at all.

    ① have been  ② have once stayed  ③ lived  ④ went


    (5)“Is that Italian restaurant next to the bookstore new? ”
    “No, I think [ ] for more than a year now.”

    ① it’s been open  ② it’s open 
     ③ it’s opened   ④ it was open


    (6)“I’m very sorry, but the manager isn’t here yet. Shall I have her call you when she gets in?”
       “No, I’ll call back. If I call again in an hour, do you think she [ ]?”

    ① had arrived  ② has arrived 
    ③ will arrive  ④ will have arrived


    (7)“I wonder if Stella has lost my number. [ ] he call for the last two hours. ”

        ① I’d expected    ② I’ll have expected
        ③ I’m expecting ④ I’ve been expecting


    (8)Tetsuya didn’t hear the doorbell when his visitors arrived, because he [ ] a shower.

      ① has been taking  ② was taking 
     ③ took   ④ has taken




    第2問 | 21:31:01| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-5】 助動詞の時制 助動詞はセンターで頻出の分野で、中でも、助動詞の時制はよく問われるので、しっかりマスターしよう! 助動詞の過去形(would / could / might / should)+原形Vは『現在』 助動詞で『過去』を表したい時は、『助動詞+have Vp.p.』*助動詞の問題はまず、『時制』から考えること!!


    【原則-6】
     狙われる助動詞センターで狙われる助動詞は4つしかない。

    *助動詞問題は、最後は「意味」で決まるので、それぞれの意味を知っておこう!

    (1)
    ① may / might V    「Vするかもしれない」   
    ② may / might have Vp.p.  「Vしたかもしれない」 

    *mayよりmightの方が、可能性低い。 
    *②は実現可能性がない時(=「仮定法」)もあるので注意。


    (2)
    ① can / could V   「Vする可能性・能力がある」   
    ② can’t / couldn’t have Vp.p. 「~したはずがない」  ③ could have Vp.p.      「~したかもしれない」 

    *③は「実際にはしてないが、できた可能性がある」(=「仮定法」)の場合もある。


    (3)
    ① must V 「Vしなければならない・Vするに違いない」   ② must have Vp.p. 「Vしたに違いない」 
    *②は否定形では用いない。


    (4)should have Vp.p.  「Vするべきだった(実際はしなかった)」


    第2問 | 21:28:55| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題>
    (1)“No one was prepared for Professor Hill’s questions.”
       “I guess we [ ] the lesson last night.”

       ① could read     ② ought to read  
       ③ read         ④ should have read



    (2)“I don’t see Tom. I wonder why he is late.”
       “Well, he [ ] his train, or maybe he overslept.”

       ① might have missed  ② might miss
       ③ should have missed  ④ should miss



    (3)“Jim had a skiing accident yesterday, but he’s all right. He is lucky, because he [ ] hurt himself badly.”

      ① could have  ② might
      ③ should    ④ will have



    (4)“I saw Mr. Yamada at Shinjuku Station this morning.”
       “You [ ] have. He’s still on vacation in Hawaii.”

      ① couldn’t  ② didn’t 
      ③ might    ④ should




    第2問 | 21:27:00| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-7】
     if節の判別問題文にif~とあれば、仮定法かどうかの判別!

    (1)単なる仮定・・・If+S+V現在形~
     ex) If it rains tomorrow, I will stay at home. 
       雨が降ったら家にいます。

    (2)If+S+V過去形~ → 仮定法過去(前後の時制が現在)

     ex) If he tried harder, he would succeed.
       もっと頑張ったら彼は成功するだろう。

    (3)If+S+had Vp.p.~ → 仮定法過去完了
     ex) If I had had enough money, I could have bought a car. 
     もし、十分にお金があったら車を買えただろう。

    *if節の時制が前後の時制と違っていたら「仮定法」!


    【原則-8】 助動詞の過去形

     助動詞の過去形(would / could / might)は2つの可能性!

    (1) 時制の一致 …前後の時制と一致

     ex) The teacher said that if it rained the game would be put off.

    先生は、雨が降ったら試合は延期されるだろう、と言った。


    (2) 仮定法 …前後の時制と不一致

     ex) You are stupid! If I were you, I wouldn’t go there.
    バカだな!僕が君なら、そこへは行かないよ。


    【原則-9】 仮定法の時制 

    仮定法=「条件(もし~なら)」+「結論(…だろう)」で成立しているが、時制の表し方は別々に考えよう!

    ()「条件」の時制
    ★ 表したい時間が「現在」→使われる基本時制は「過去」
    ★ 表したい時間が「過去」→使われる基本時制は「had Vp.p.」

    ()「結論」の時制
    ★ 表したい時間が「現在」→助動詞の過去形+V原形 
    ★ 表したい時間が「過去」→助動詞の過去形+have Vp.p.


    第2問 | 21:26:16| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    <練習問題>
    (1)If I [ ] a computer last year, I’d still be using my old typewriter.


    ① hadn’t bought  ② haven’t bought 
    ③ shouldn’t buy ④ wouldn’t buy


    (2)“[ ] all right if I came again some other time?”
    “Of course. Just give me a call before you come.”

      ① Is it      ② Was it  
      ③ Would it be   ④ Will it be


    (3)I’m sorry to hear about your problem, But if you had taken my advice, you [ ] in such trouble now.


     ① haven’t been  ② would be 
     ③ would have been  ④ wouldn’t be


    (4)“When you get your license, will your parents give you money to buy a
    car?” “No, they said I [ ] get one if I wanted to, but they wouldn’t
    give me the money. I have to earn it myself.”


     ① can   ② could   ③ may   ④ shall



    第2問 | 21:23:40| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-10】 動詞の受身
     受験生が「日本語で」考えた時に1番間違えやすいのは「受身」がらみの問題である。「受身」は特に「日本語で」考えるのではなく、下のポイントに注意して「Vの文型・構造」で選択肢を選んでいこう!『be+Vp.p.』・『Vp.p.単独』を見たら「受身」を考えよう!

    (1)受身になれるのは他動詞(V3/4/5)だけ!
     *V1+前置詞がセットでV3と同じように扱う。
      ex) He looked at her. → 受身:She was looked at by him.

    (2)他動詞の受身では『後ろの目的語が1つ減っている!』 

    ex) 能動形:He told me the truth. 
    S V4 O1 O2     ←目的語は2つ!
      彼は私に真実を告げた。


    受身形:I was told the truth by him. 
    S V4受身 O ←目的語1つ!
      私は彼に真実を告げられた。


    <練習問題>
    (1)You shouldn’t [ ] the meaning of the financial report.


    ① have mistaken ② have mistook ③ be mistaken ④ have been mistaken


    (2)Kate speaks English very fast. I’ve never heard English [ ] so quickly.


     ① speak   ② speaking   ③ spoken   ④ to speak



    (3)We want to go to the beach in his car on Saturday, because our car still won’t [ ].


    ① fixed  ② have been fixed  ③ have fixed  ④ having been fixed


    (4)The question [ ] at today’s meeting is whether we should postpone the plan till next month.

     ① discussing  ② is discussed ③ to be discussed ④ to be discussing


    (5)“How long will it take them to finish the work?”
       “I think everything [ ] by the end of next month.”


    ① did   ② was done   ③ will be done   ④ will do


    (6)You will find the word “psychology” [ ] under “P” in your dictionary.


     ① have listed   ② list   ③ listed   ④ listing


    (7)Today cars are so much [ ] that we assume everyone has one.


    ① for granted ② granted  ③ taken for granted  ④ taken it for granted


    第2問 | 21:22:35| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
     第2問B  対話文問題 2点×3問=6点 (目標時間1~2分)

     この問題は以外に平均点が高いので、ここでの失点は痛い。しかし、少なくても1問は難しい問題が入っているので注意。難しい問題とは「適当に日本語に訳して解答を選ぶとひっかかる問題」である。ポイント・対策は以下に挙げていく。


    【原則-1】 日本語で適当に考えるな!徹底的に消去法で解くこと!

    (1)
    A: Let’s turn off some light.
    B: [    ]
    A: Well, it’s more romantic to eat by candlelight.

    ① Shall I get a box of matches, John?
    ② Shall we use candles instead of turning on the lights?
    ③ Why, John?It will be rather dark, won’t you?
    ④ Yes, let’s. This room needs more light.



    第2問 | 21:18:23| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-2】

     最後に2つ残っていて迷う時は、空欄の後にある代名詞に注目!代名詞が指すものを丁寧に探すと解けることが多い。

    (2)
    A: What did you think about the movie?
    B: Well, [    ].
    A: Was it? I thought it was rather good.
    B: Really?

    ① it was marvelous.
    ② it was too slow for me.
    ③ the acting was great
    ④ the main actor was horrible.


    (3)
    A: I thought you were going to the museum today.
    B: I wanted to, but I couldn’t catch the bus.
    A: [    ].
    B: That’ll be a big help. It’s not far from there.

    ① I can drive you as far as the post office.
    ② I’ll walk you there.
    ③ That’s too bad.
    ④ There’s another one at 11:30.


    第2問 | 21:17:37| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    【原則-3】

     省略を見つけたら必ず補って考えること!日本語で省略は当たり前なので、軽く考えがちだが実は大事なポイント!

    (4)
    A: Let’s watch a different channel.
    B: Why? It’s a good game.
    A: [    ].
    B: Don’t worry, you soon will.


    ① I’m bored.
    ② I can’t catch the ball.
    ③ I can’t understand the rules.
    ④ I think it’s exciting.



    第2問 | 21:16:54| Trackback(0)| Comments(0)
    次のページ
    上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。